Insomnia is the inability to sleep properly and is one of the commonest sleep disorders besides sleep apnea and the restless legs syndrome. Read on to find out the causes of insomnia, its symptoms, and how to keep the disease at bay.
What is Insomnia?Insomnia is the body’s inability to get enough sleep necessary for rest and rejuvenation.
The raging debate on how many hours sleep a human being should have is not about to end soon, and for that reason, the recommended number of hours varies from one person to another.
What is important, therefore, is the quality of sleep provigil regardless of the duration. Groundbreaking research on cycles of sleep in relation to the length of sleep is ongoing and will shed more light into the science behind sleep and insomnia.
If a person shows symptoms of fatigue after more than eight hours of sleep, that could be a classic symptom of insomnia. Let’s look at the other symptoms.
Symptoms of Insomnia
The following are the commonest symptoms of the condition:
a. Fatigue, irritability and grogginess during the day
b. Over-reliance on sleep-inducing substances such as drugs or alcohol.
c. Difficulty in resuming sleep in case of any interruption.
d. Being habitually awake too early
e. Long term effects include heart conditions, weight loss, and diabetes.
Causes of Insomnia
There are many causes of insomnia. Some of the leading causes include:
a. Medical Conditions – There a number of xanax online order health conditions which adversely interfere with the quality of sleep such as respiratory disorders, chronic pain, kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, acid reflux and allergies.
b. Prescription Medicines – Certain drugs have the tendency to interfere with the body’s natural chemistry often resulting in sleeplessness. Some typical examples include hormone therapies, antidepressants, corticosteroids, over-the-counter anti-cold and flu remedies, pain killers containing stimulants such as caffeine, slimming pills, and certain contraceptives.
c. Sleep Disorders – Other sleep disorders may manifest themselves as insomnia. They include Restless Legs Syndrome and sleep apnea.
d. Psychological Problems such as anxiety, emotional distress, bipolar disorder, acute life stress, anger, grief, and worry.
e. A haphazard sleep schedule which often throws the body’s circadian rhythm into disarray
f. Too much activity prior to sleep time such as video games and TV.
g. Late meals which leave the body with little time for digestion prior to bedtime.
h. Taking alcohol.
Treatment of Insomnia
The level of insomnia will determine how radical the treatment will be. However, observing the following measures will generally reverse the condition:
a. Addressing any underlying health conditions resulting in the sleeplessness. A general physician will recommend the right course of action.
b. Using medication only on the advice of a health practitioner, and never for longer than is necessary. Also, seeking alternatives that do not cause sleeplessness.
c. Managing your life and trying to keep worry, stress and anxiety at bay using exercise, a healthy diet, rest ,and meditation.
d. Having a regular bedtime.
e. Winding down gradually as bedtime nears so as to prepare the body for sleep. Avoid stimulating activity such as video games towards sleep time.
f. Take your meals early enough so as to afford the body ample time for digestion.
The treatment of insomnia involves many lifestyle changes, and these are usually effective. However, acute insomnia may require further medical care.